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Geometries#

In this step, the geometry used by the hex-dominant mesher is created and/or imported to define the regions of interest in the background mesh.

Geometries step

View of the geometries step

Import geometry#

Geometry files are imported in the STL format which represents a surface by a set of triangular facets. It is advisable that an imported STL file be watertight which means that the surface should not have holes, intersections, or unrealistic geometric entities.

Tip

It is not mandatory to use watertight surfaces because the background mesh itself can be used as a seal to cover up the missing facets in the STL but only when the missing facets are oriented parallel to the faces of the background mesh. However, missing facets on curved surfaces may cause meaningless meshes.

STL files can be uploaded using the upload button as shown in the image. Any imported STL file can be deleted using the delete icon on the right-side of every geometric entity in the model.

Add primitive geometry#

Instead of using STL files, some primitive shapes can be imported using the Add geometry button. Those shapes are:

  • Box
  • Sphere
  • Plane (defined by a point in space and a normal vector)
  • Plate

The properties of each added geometric entity can be modified using the objects view.

The added geometric entity can also be translated by using the middle button of the mouse and has some control points that can be dragged to increase or decease the entity's size in a certain direction.

Object properties

Object properties in the objects view

Box#

Object Object properties

The bounds of an added box can be specified by choosing the coordinates the of the minimum and maximum \(x\), \(y\), and \(z\) points as shown in the image. Furthermore the shown control points on the right can be used to manually adjust the box's size in any direction.

Sphere#

Object Object properties

The size and location of the added sphere can be determined by defining the location of its center and the length of its radius.

Dragging the sphere by the right button of the mouse increases/decreases its size manually.

Plane (point and normal)#

Object Object properties

The plane entity is defined by a point and a normal vector. The point can be any arbitrary point that lies on the required plane, and its location can be defined by two methods:

  • Explicitly defining the coordinates as shown on the left image.
  • Dragging the red point by the mouse as shown on the right image.

The outward pointing normal has multiple options for definition:

  • Explicitly, by defining the components of the vector.
  • Normal to one of the global axes. There are three available options: X Normal, Y Normal and Z Normal.
  • Normal to the current camera view. This option assumes that the camera's axis of vision if the normal to the plane.
  • Manually, by dragging the normal vector of the plane to the desired orientation as shown on the right image.

There is also an option of adjusting the camera's view to have a perpendicular view to the selected plane using the button Reset Camera to Normal.

Plate#

Object Object properties

The plate entity is defined by a point, a span, and a normal. The point does not represent the center of the plate. Rather, it is one of the vertices of the plate from which the input spans are measured. Finally, the plate's normal can be chosen from three available options: X Normal, Y Normal and Z Normal.


Last update: September 5, 2022
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